Louis XVI became the king of France in 1774 with an empty treasury on one hand and a large group of dissatisfied people belonging to various sectors of society on the other hand. The main factor that led to the revolutionary protest in France was the rising taxes imposed by the Monarch and inequality although the was not fully empowered to impose tasks according to his will he had to previously consider the Estates-General, which was a political body to which the three estates sent their representatives.
· Louis was an autocratic ruler who had spent most of his finances in wars including the cost of maintaining an extravagant court at Versailles.
· At that particular time, France had also helped thirteen American colonies to gain their independence against the common enemy Britain.
· The French estate was divided into three estates among which the financial burden lay on the third estate alone the reason being that the first two estates i.e clergy and Nobel were exempted to pay taxes as they belonged to the privileged classes.
· Peasants and workers had participated actively in the revolt against increasing taxes and good scarcity.
· During the eighteenth century there emerged a social group also known as the middle class who were educated and believed that no group shall be privileged since birth and that there should be equal opportunities and equal laws for all.