Palampur is well-connected with neighboring villages and towns. Raiganj, a big village, is 3kms from Palampur. An all-weather road connects the village to Raiganj and further on to the nearest small town of Shahpur. Many kinds of transport are visible on this road starting
from bullock carts, tongas, bogeys (wooden cart drawn by buffalos) loaded with jaggery
(gur) and other commodities to motor vehicles like motorcycles, jeeps, tractors and trucks.
This village has about 450 families belonging to several different castes. The 80 upper-caste families own the majority of land in the village. Their houses, some of them quite large, are made of brick with cement plastering. The SCs (Dalits) comprise one-third of the population and live in one corner of the village and in much smaller houses some of which are of mud and straw. Most of the houses have electric connections. Electricity powers all the tubewells in the fields and is used in various types of small businesses. Palampur has two primary schools and one high school. There is a primary health center run by the government and one private dispensary where the sick are treated.
The description above shows that Palampur has a fairly well-developed system of roads, transport, electricity, irrigation, schools and health center. Compare these facilities with those in your nearby village. The story of Palampur, an imaginary village, will take us through the different types of production activities in the village. In villages across India, farming is the main production activity. The other production activities referred to as non-
farm activities include small manufacturing, transport, shop-keeping, etc. We shall take a look at both these types of activities, after learning a few general things about the production.