Tenses - Grammer

Tenses


The word “Tense” denotes the form of a verb that shows the time at which the action happened.

Example: Ria goes to school

The word “goes” in the above sentence is a verb and it denotes present tense and refers to the present time.



Tense

Simple

Progressive

Perfect

Perfect Progressive

Present

​I play.

​I am playing.

​I have played.

​I have been playing.

Past

​I played.

​I was playing.

​I had played.

​I had been playing.

Future

​I shall play.

​I shall be playing.

​I shall have played.

​I shall have been playing.

Present Tense


Present Tense

Form

Simple

​Plain infinitive but -s or -es are added to bare infinitives


I play basketball every week.

Progressive

​Adding present participle (verb + ing) to the present forms of the auxiliary


Am/is/are + present participle


I am playing basketball now.

Perfect

​Have/ has + past participle


Be verb + ed/en


I have just played basketball.

Perfect Progressive

​Have/ has + present participle (verb+ ing)


I have been playing basketball for 3 hours.

Past Tense


Past Tense

Form

Simple

​The past tense form of the verb is used.


I played basketball yesterday.

Progressive

​Was/were + present participle (verb + ing)


I was playing basketball the whole evening.


Perfect

​Had+ past participle


I had played basketball before Mary came.

Perfect Progressive

​Had+ been+ present participle

I had been playing basketball when Mary came.


Future Tense


Future Tense

Form

Simple

​‘shall’ or ‘will’ is used with the base form of the verb.


I will play basketball next week.

Progressive

​Shall/ will + be + present participle


I will be playing basketball next Saturday.

Perfect

​Shall/will + have+ past participle


I will have played basketball by tomorrow.

Perfect Progressive

​Shall/will + have+ been+ present participle


I will have been playing basketball.



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