The Sentence (Class 8)
A sentence is a group of words that makes complete sense and the words in a sentence are mentioned in a meaningful order. A sentence begins with a capital letter.
1. Assertive Sentences
A sentence that makes a statement or asserts something is called an Assertive/ Declarative/ Affirmative sentence.
Example: I am writing a letter.
2. Imperative Sentences
A sentence that expresses a command, a request, an advice, prohibition, a warning, a suggestion is called an Imperative sentence.
· March forward (command)
· Please help me. (request)
· Help the poor. (advice)
· Do not walk bare footed. (prohibition)
· Beware of strangers. (warning)
· Engage a tutor for your daughter (suggestion)
3. Interrogative Sentences
A sentence that follows a question is called an Interrogative sentence. An interrogative sentence ends with a question mark (?).
· Are you going to college? (Yes/No Question)
· What is your name? (Wh question)
· I am in Mumbai, aren’t I? (Question Tag)
4. Optative Sentences
An optative sentence expresses a prayer, a wish or a desire.
· May God bless you! (prayer)
· I wish I were the queen! (wish)
· O, for a glass of water! (desire)
5. Exclamatory Sentences
Exclamatory sentences are those which express strong or sudden feelings or emotions of joy, wonder, anger, sorrow, contempt, etc. over something which has happened or already done.
· Hurrah! We won the match.
· Hello! How are you?
· What a beautiful flower!